Copyright and systematic reviews: do researchers have to break the rules to produce good quality research?

Jane Falconer is a medical librarian with over 20 years experience in medical charities, the NHS and Higher Education. She is currently the User Support Services Librarian at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, responsible for all user-facing library services, including user training and support, membership, access and enquiry support, reading lists, interlibrary loans and liaison services. She also provides literature searching support for systematic reviews, she has created and run the searches on a number of projects including the Lancet Commission on Planetary Health and the WHO Guidelines on Heptatitis B and C Testing. ORCID: Jane got in touch via Twitter as she was frustrated by copyright laws that prevented her sharing medical articles with researchers around the world. Here’s what she told us…..

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Where Are We Now? Survey on Rates of Faculty Self-Deposit in Institutional Repositories

INTRODUCTION The literature of institutional repositories generally indicates that faculty do not self-deposit, but there is a gap in the research of reported self-deposit numbers that might indicate how widespread and common this is. METHODS This study was conducted using a survey instrument that requested information about whether a repository allowed self-deposit and what its rates of self-deposit were, if known. The instrument contained additional questions intended to gather a broader context of repositories to be examined for any correlations with higher rates of self-deposit. It also included questions about the kinds of labor required to populate an IR as well as satisfaction with the rates of self-deposit. RESULTS Of 82 respondents, 80 were deemed to fall within the study’s parameters. Of these, 55 respondents’ institutions allowed self-deposit, and 10 reported rates of self-deposit of more than 20 items per month. More than half the total respondents reported using at least three methods other than relying on self-deposit to add content to their repository. Respondents are generally unsatisfied with their deposit profiles, including one at a school reporting the highest rate of self-deposit. DISCUSSION From the responses, no profile could be formed of respondents reporting high rates of self-deposit that did not entirely overlap with many others reporting little or no self-deposit. However, the survey identifies factors without which high rates are unlikely. CONCLUSION The results of this survey may be most useful as a factor in administrative prioritizations and expectations regarding institutional repositories as sites of scholarly self-deposit. Published on 2017-12-01 18:48:44

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Harvesting the Academic Landscape: Streamlining the Ingestion of Professional Scholarship Metadata into the Institutional Repository

INTRODUCTION Although librarians initially hoped institutional repositories (IRs) would grow through researcher self-archiving, practice shows that growth is much more likely through library-directed deposit. Libraries must then find efficient ways to ingest material into their IR to ensure growth and relevance. DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM Valparaiso University developed and implemented a workflow that was semiautomated to help cut down on the time needed to ingest articles into its IR, ValpoScholar. The workflow, which continues to be refined, makes use of practices and ideas used by other repositories to more efficiently collect metadata for items and upload them to the repository. NEXT STEPS The article discusses the pros and cons of this workflow and areas of ingesting that still need to be addressed, including adding full-text items, checking copyright policies, managing student staffing, and dealing with hurdles created by the repository’s software. Published on 2018-02-01 18:30:15

Open access and the versioning issue — do we need to solve this?

Open access and the versioning issue — do we need to solve this?

One of the major issues with institutional repositories is that it is difficult to get researchers to self-deposit their work. Assuming one could wave a magic wand and solve that, institutional repositories still have another barrier to overcome — the discovery barrier.

With content scattered across thousands of sites, one would need an aggregator site to provide a one-search across all of them. Continue reading “Open access and the versioning issue — do we need to solve this?”

Essential Transformations

The academic library is transforming. This diagram illustrates some of what I see as its most essential transformations. Libraries are transforming in terms of their collections – towards electronic collections, towards shared collections, towards open access, and towards distinctive holdings. Complexities abound for discovery, access, processing, and preservation. And libraries are also transforming beyond collections, towards a partnership with scholars and students in support of research, teaching, and learning workflows. This is the most important strategic shift. To achieve this shift, the nature of the librarian role is transforming, beyond a selector or provider and towards an enabler and a…

Research Infrastructure and the Strategic Decisions of Universities

For the past several years, I have been writing about the turn to research workflow tools. These tools reach deeply into the laboratory and are increasingly important to scientists and other scholars, and they impact the university research office and scholarly communications programs. Scholars need seamless end-to-end research solutions. Major publishers are making substantial investments in this area as they seek to pivot their businesses beyond content licensing. The strategic choices that universities make today will determine whether they are able to realize the economic & technical advantages in shared infrastructure that scales across institutional boundaries — or whether they…

My roundup of developments in 2017 that caught my eye.

In my final blog post of the year, I’m going to talk about some of the developments in librarianship and the related domains that caught my eye. Of course, this is by necessity going to be personal and idiosyncratic from my point of view
“Obi-Wan: Anakin, Chancellor Palpatine is evil!
Anakin Skywalker: From my point of view, the Jedi are evil!” – Revenge of the Sith (2005) Continue reading “My roundup of developments in 2017 that caught my eye.”

Open access and the versioning issue – do we need to solve this?

One of the major issues with institutional repositories is that it is difficult to get researchers to self-deposit their work. Assuming one could wave a magic wand and solve that, institutional repositories still have another barrier to overcome – the discovery barrier. With content scattered across thousands of sites, one would need an aggregator site to provide a one-search across of all them. Fortunately, Institutional (and subject) repositories were not only designed to collect deposits on a local level but it was envisioned that aggregators could be built to centralize all this work together using OAI-PMH. The unfortunate problem is that this proved to be not a simple thing. Continue reading “Open access and the versioning issue – do we need to solve this?”

Summary: Citations play an important role in scientific discourse, in the practice of information retrieval, and in bibliometrics. Recently, there have been a growing number of initiatives which make citations freely available as open data. The article describes the current status of these initiatives and shows that a critical mass of data could be made available in the near future. New opportunities could arise from that, especially for libraries. The DFG funded project Linked Open Citation Database (LOC-DB) is presented as a practical way for libraries to participate.

Workflows and the Highly Collaborative Public Health Scholar

Today Ithaka S+R is publishing the report Supporting the Changing Research Practices of Public Health Scholars, which provides actionable findings for organizations, institutions, and professionals who support the research activities in this dynamic field.  Our research was undertaken collaboratively with research teams at seven academic libraries in the U.S., six of which have also made their local findings publically available as companion publications. This work is part of an ongoing effort at Ithaka S+R through our Research Support Services program to understand how to effectively structure research support in the 21st century. While the academy continues to rely primarily on disciplinary siloes, emerging trends in research and technology are challenging these boundaries, a topic Roger Schonfeld and I explored in Rethinking Liaison Programs for the Humanities.

Understanding Federated identity, RA21 and other authentication methods

Debates on privacy in libraries are not new though they have recently become more heated over two issues. One issue resolves around learning analytics and this has been brewing for a while. The argument began in a different form with correlations of student success studies (which can be seen to be doing in a adhoc and limited manner what learning analytics aims to do).  While there has been talk of libraries particulating in learning analyticsthis particular Educause talk seems to have triggered librarians. Continue reading “Understanding Federated identity, RA21 and other authentication methods”

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